What Is A Refugee

To see source in as stated in the Organization of African Unity Conventions, please visit http://www.africa-union.org/Official_documents/Treaties_%20Conventions_%20Protocols/Refugee_Convention.pdf

Article 1
Definition of the term "Refugee"
1. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "refugee" shall mean every person who,
owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality,
membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his
nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the
protection of that country, or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country
of his former habitual residence as a result of such events is unable or, owing to such fear,
is unwilling to return to it.
2. The term "refugee" shall also apply to every person who, owing to external aggression,
occupation, foreign domination or events seriously disturbing public order in either part or
the whole of his country of origin or nationality, is compelled to leave his place of habitual
residence in order to seek refuge in another place outside his country of origin or
nationality.
3. In the case of a person who has several nationalities, the term "a country of which he is a
national" shall mean each of the countries of which he is a national, and a person shall not
be deemed to be lacking the protection of the country of which he is a national if, without
any valid reason based on well-founded fear, he has not availed himself of the protection of
one of the countries of which he is a national.
4. This Convention shall cease to apply to any refugee if: (a) he has voluntarily re-availed
himself of the protection of the country of his nationality, or, (b) having lost his nationality,
he has voluntarily reacquired it, or, (c) he has acquired a new nationality, and enjoys the
protection of the country of his new nationality, or, (d) he has voluntarily re-established
himself in the country which he left or outside which he remained owing to fear of
persecution, or, (e) he can no longer, because the circumstances in connection with which
he was recognized as a refugee have ceased to exist, continue to refuse to avail himself of
the protection of the country of his nationality, or, (f) he has committed a serious nonpolitical
crime outside his country of refuge after his admission to that country as a
refugee, or, (g) he has seriously infringed the purposes and objectives of this Convention.
5. The provisions of this Convention shall not apply to any person with respect to whom the
country of asylum has serious reasons for considering that:
(a) he has committed a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against humanity,
as defined in the international instruments drawn up to make provision in respect of
such crimes;
(b) he committed a serious non-political crime outside the country of refuge prior to his
admission to that country as a refugee;
(c) he has been guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the
Organization of African Unity;
(d) he has been guilty of acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United
Nations.
6. For the purposes of this Convention, the Contracting State of Asylum shall determine
whether an applicant is a refugee.

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